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Zeilen de basis

De Voertaal aan boord is Engels. Veel commando's die gebruikt worden zijn dan ook in de Engelse taal. De bemanning aan boord is heel internationaal, maar er zijn altijd een aantal Nederlandse bemanningsleden aan boord aan wie u vragen kunt stellen wanneer het Engels even te snel gaat.

Zeiltermen

Hieronder treft u alvast een verklarende woordenlijst en theorie over het zeilen. LET OP! Onderstaande informatie is alleen ter vermaak. Er is geen zeilervaring nodig om aan boord van de EUROPA te stappen.

Haul Away Pull on the rope hand over hand or by sweating.
2, 6, HEAVE Everybody pulls together on HEAVE!
Ease away Ease the line slowly at first with a turn around the pin.
Hold / Stop Stop Hauling or Easing.
Cast Off / Let Fly Take the line off the pin and let it run out on its own.
One step Forward With the line in your hands, take one step towards the pin.
Come Up / Let Go Toss the line forwards, out of your hands QUICKLY.
Make Fast / Belay Belay the line to the pin or cleat.
Stand-By Get the lines ready by dropping the coils and taking it down to one turn on the pin.
Don’t take action yet.
Coil down Coil up all the lines that are on deck and hang them nicely on the pins.

 

Points of Sailing

Different points of sail have their own sail tuning. We divide the points of sail into four directions of the wind compared to the ships heading: downwind, broad reach, beam reach and close hauled. 

Going downwind/running

The wind comes from behind, yards are braced square. Most of the time we’re only sailing with the square sails and we take the spanker down, to prevent the boom from coming over. Sometimes we set some staysails (for example the outer jib) to be able to catch up when the ship luffs, as it makes it easier to steer. We clew up the main, to give the fore course more wind. We can ease out the sheet of the fore square sails a little, so the bow doesn’t get pushed down too much. When there’s a nice breeze for it, we can set studdingsails on both sides of the foremast.

Broad reach

The wind comes in at a slight angle from the back. We can brace the yards up a little, not too much, to not cause overlapping. If the ship wants to luff too much, the spanker can be taken away so the pressure on the aft ship decreases. Studdingsails can be set at both sides of the foremast or at the windward side of the fore mast and the leeward side of the mainmast.

Sailing at beam reach/reaching

This is the fastest course. The ship sails at a ninety degree apparent angle to the wind, allowing all sails to be set. Sailing full and by or close hauled The lowest yards are braced as sharp as possible, so they are just not sitting on the backstays.

Close Haul

The yards above it are braced with ‘fanning’. This is where each yard up is a little more square braced then the yard below. Try to sail as sharp as possible but without the sails luffing, because then you will lose your speed and will increase your drift.